What's Coming In Ubuntu 10.04 (Lucid Lynx)


Posted on 22nd January 2010 by Krow in Ubuntu


Now that Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic Koala) is out and stable I thought I would look into what is on the horizon for the next release of Ubuntu. There are a lot of questions that I have about the next release and I have found some solid answers, rumors and a lot of speculation as to what the next release will have.

Ubuntu has committed to have a regular release schedule. I came across a lot of mixed feelings about this idea/concept. Some people feel that this regular release gets in the way of how users see the distribution. Some users like to be on the edge of technology and what the developers have made for the release. Once people get used to that release it is about time for another release that uses new ideas and concepts.

On the other hand, Ubuntu wants to offer what they call a Long Term Support version (LTS). An LTS is released every two years. This is so that instead of jumping on every release, you can upgrade only when an LTS release comes out. LTS releases are supported by Ubuntu with security updates available for five years for servers and three years for desktops. The stability and longer life cycle of the LTS releases make them appealing to hardware makers and organizations that are rolling out large Ubuntu deployments.

Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx release will be the third LTS release just two years, as promised, after the last LTS release, 8.04 Hardy Heron. What this means for 10.04 is that with the increased focus on stability there wonโ€™t be a long list of new features.

So what is 10.04 going to have? Let me explain what I found out.

No New Interface
If you are wishing, hopping or wanting Gnome 3 to be in the next release you are going to be disappointed. Gnome 3 will not be used as the default environment. 10.04 will use Gnome 2.x as the default environment with the intent and focus to use Gnome 3 in future releases. Gnome 3 is not scheduled to be released until early 2010, but can already be tested in the early stages within 9.10. If you would like to test the Gnome Shell, install the package “gnome-shell”, open a terminal and enter the command “gnome-shell –replace&”.

I read that the Ayatana team are working on an enhanced version of the GTK+ that will include RGBA support. What does this mean you ask? In short it means that the sleek interface that you have seen on Windows Vista and 7 (called Aero), Linux will have a theme that will be enabled, out of the box, to mimic that look. It will have global transparency for all applications. And this transparency will be on the widget level too not border and window level.

The Look / Artwork
GNOME 3 will not be released in time for 10.04. The Ayatana Team of Ubuntu developers are working on an enhanced version of GTK+ that will include RGBA support. That sleek Aero interface that Windows Vista and 7 use by default, a Linux take on that theme will be enabled, out of the box, for 10.04. This is out of the box goodness. This is not preferences hacking, this is out of the box, global transparency for all applications. ย And this is transparency on the widget level โ€“ not border and window level

Benchmarking is out of the question as 10.04 is very much alpha. But word from Canonical is that coveted 10 second boot time just might make it to fruition. What they are doing is targeting a mid-range machine to reach the 10 second time. This will mean some machines will boot fast and some slower. The targeted machine: A Dell Mini 9 netbook. If they can get a netbook to boot in 10 seconds, imagine how fast your quad core will boot!

Also along the lines of speed improvements is installation time. Ubuntu 10.04 will install (under the hood) a bit differently than previous versions. In earlier versions the install required downloads to occur first. Now downloads and installation will happen in parallels so to greatly shorting the installation time.

Ubuntu Software Center
With Ubuntu 9.10 the Ubuntu Software Center (UBC) was introduced. It was an improvement on the Synaptic manager. But now with Ubuntu 10.04 the USC will finally take over as the sole installation tool for Ubuntu. Synaptic, GDebi, and even the Update Manager will all be replaced by USC.

Hopefully the USC will include the ability to install more than one piece of software at a time.

Mark Shuttleworth’s Announcement
Attendees at Atlanta Linux Fest’s breakout session Ubuntucon were among the first to hear the Lucid Lynx announcement straight from Mark Shuttleworth himself.

Software Coming Out/In
With the launch of 9.10 Ubuntu decided to take out Pidgin IM client. Instead they made Empathy (edit – thanks guys typed the wrong thing) the main IM client. I tried it and didn’t like it. Pidgin may be lacking in video conferencing but it still has a lot of features that I have grown very accustomed to.

With the launch of 10.04 the rumor is going around that this time they are going to be taking out Gimp. Yeah the program that is like Photoshop on Linux. Infact with some customization and some plugins I have seen some tutorials and screen casts that show that Gimp can do the same things as Photoshop.

Ubuntu tries to keep things simple for the user and they feel that Gimp is a bit complex. I agree, it is not for the average user. It does take some basic knowledge what you want to accomplish. But still it is a very powerful program. Because it is Linux you will have the ability to install it after your initial install but by default Ubuntu is only going to provide F-Spot.

F-Spot will allow most users the ability to edit the photos as they need and want. If Gimp is like Photoshop F-Spot would be like Elements. It will work for most people but I will be removing it and installing Gimp as I know that is what I want and need.

I have heard rumors about a new menu named “MeMenu” coming out with this launch. I don’t know a whole lot about this as it just came to my attention recently. In short what I understand it to be is that it will be a menu that is built around the Social Networks (Facebook, Twitter etc.).

For a quick explanation about it look at the Ubuntu Wiki

Things I hope or wish for in Ubuntu 10.04
I know we all have our wishes and hopes as the new versions of Ubuntu are released. Again I am not a professional or an expert with Linux. I am still learning. But I still recommend Ubuntu to friends, family and heck even strangers now. But there are things that could be a bit better.

First, I want wireless to work out of the box. When I first started with Ubuntu 8.04 it was horrible. I still to this day have no clue how my friends where able to get it working. They had to install ndiswrapper and download the .exe (that just sounds wrong) and configure it. I swear it was a shot in the dark at time. Even with a supported card it is not easy. It is easier yes, but it could be better.

Second, sound. I have always been able to tell that the sound is not as good as it could be. I admit it has gotten better with the launch of 9.04 and I hope that it continues to get better. But it still feels that it is lacking.

With the help in these two areas I think Ubuntu would have a good stable foundation to stand on. Wireless is the only thing I always cringe about when I talk to others about Ubuntu. But even with that I still think Ubuntu is a very solid OS.

My Thoughts About Ubuntu 10.04
Since I have been using Ubuntu I always get excited with a new launch. It is like a new present every six months. Only it is a free present. It almost brings new life to my computer too. I know the hardware and how it is supposed to work. It is nice to have a fresh clean install and start all over again with the new tricks, tips and tweaks that I have discovered in the past six months.

With the launch of Ubuntu 10.04 my excitement is just as that as a young boy who still believes in Santa Clause on Christmas Eve. There are some added features that I am excited for and another that I am really excited for and that is for the stability in 10.04. As Ubuntu evolves the user interface is coming along. It is becoming a bit more pretty or enjoyable to the eye (I was never fond of the brown, sorry).

I feel that 10.04 will be a good solid OS for those new to Linux and even for those who just want to give the new Linux a try. I feel with the new eye candy that is going into this release it will be more appealing to the new users. And another factor is the economy. How can you argue with a free OS. Instead spend the money on better hardware and still get a great looking and solid OS.

I am looking forward to 10.04 and I hope you are too. Let me know what you think.

  1. TH says:

    YES!!!!!! I am so excited for this new release. I do use Pidgin also and it rocks! ๐Ÿ™‚

    22nd January 2010 at 8:31 am

  2. ayoli says:

    empathy is the default ubuntu 9.10 IM software, not epiphany (which is gnome browser).
    btw, nice post ๐Ÿ™‚

    22nd January 2010 at 1:04 pm

  3. JVP says:

    I think the IM client you mean is Empathy not Epiphany, that’s a browser.

    22nd January 2010 at 1:44 pm

  4. LinuxCanuck says:

    I am NOT looking forward to it. As an Nvidia user, I am concerned that compositing will NOT work or will be tricky to setup, as is the case with Fedora which also uses Plymouth. So far on as of Alpha 2 I have had no luck. My card is stuck with 2D only. Any attempt to install proprietary drivers has thus far failed.

    Quite frankly, Upslash worked fine and I do not see why Canonical needs to take Nvidia users for a roller coaster ride just to eliminate a hardly detectable flicker on boot up. If they do not allow me to use 3D desktop effects then I will abandon them and switch to Mint. I have used K/Ubuntu for four years and have tested every release from alpha on and for the first time, I am having doubts about Canonical and their decision-making.

    As for F-spot, it is lame. It overwrites EXIF data and no photographer should use it. This bug has existed and been unfixed for at least three years. Use Digikam instead. It is KDE, but most people run a hybrid anyway.

    22nd January 2010 at 2:48 pm

  5. Jorge says:

    Just like Santa, you will realize that you were lied to about Ubuntu

    22nd January 2010 at 2:49 pm

  6. Krow says:

    Very good to know. I have always been a NVIDIA guy myself but it seems that NVIDIA is always a tricky thing for all to get working correctly, but once it is it is very nice. I still am at a loss when it comes to configuring X11, so I typically keep my hands off. My question would be now, is ATI any better?

    I have thought about trying Kubuntu but have not been able to justify it yet because it feels like it is just a branch if you will of Ubuntu. So instead I have stuck with the trunk. Just my thought really.

    As for F-Spot. I don’t like it. Doesn’t do all that I require so I will not use it. But thank you for the advice on what to use. I will recommend that to others.

    22nd January 2010 at 3:05 pm

  7. Gustavo says:

    Actually, I would add suspend/resume. I’ve been able to get most wireless cards to work when I set the systems up, or maybe buy a cheap-ish adaptor that works, but suspend/resume is a hit-and-miss and there’s no hardware I could say “buy this and it’ll work”.

    Example: my wife’s Vaio loses all keyboard function (nothing, not even ctrl alt f1) upon resume…

    22nd January 2010 at 3:25 pm

  8. Krow says:

    You are right Gustavo. suspend and resume are a hit and miss. On my last machine it didnโ€™t work well. But on my current machine they work great. I assumed it was a 9.10 upgrade that fixed it.

    But thanks for your comment and idea.

    22nd January 2010 at 3:30 pm

  9. tux says:

    I’m running ubuntu 10.04 alpha 2 and the nvidia drivers are working fantastically. I had to do some tweaking which I attribute to its alpha status but hooray – nvidia drivers never worked this early in any ubuntu test cycle before.

    22nd January 2010 at 5:33 pm

  10. Yva says:

    How about nicer xsplash and background by default?

    22nd January 2010 at 8:22 am

  11. Lawand says:

    I heard that boot time for Ubuntu 10.04 will be exactly 10.04 seconds ๐Ÿ™‚

    22nd January 2010 at 12:16 pm

  12. Yfrwlf says:

    I liked Mark’s comments about focusing on free software as a whole and not just Ubuntu. I hope that Ubuntu will focus on a standardized package format at some point for all distros to adopt or make compatible with their existing package managers (if not replace them entirely) so that it won’t matter what distro you are using and sharing software will be easier.

    I’m looking forward to ATI drivers as usual, since the open source drivers are going very well. Both Nvidia’s and ATI/AMD’s closed drivers are OK though, and I think Nvidia’s closed drivers are possibly still the best, but with the ATI open drivers there is now a lot of 2D and 3D functionality, and it’s just always better supporting the open drivers any way.

    I’m really looking forward to the new USC and am curious if any pay software will be available partially due to the poll on the Ubuntu forums asking about what pay software would users be interested in. Open source software is more exciting as you have more control, but pay software will be a welcome addition as it will only serve to increase Linux’s user base by making more programs available. The more, the better, even if some are closed, as some users may be OK with those sometimes, at least in the short term. ^^

    22nd January 2010 at 6:26 am

  13. Lesya says:

    It’s really interesting article. Thanks for good information.

    22nd January 2010 at 7:31 am

  14. Thai Dang Vu says:

    I tried Lucid Alpha 2. Its startup time is pretty small (compared to Karmic). HAL (Hardware Abstraction Layer) was removed and that makes the machine boot faster. Lucid uses the kernel 2.6.32 which has some changes in the ext4 file system which are said to improve the file system performance (but I didn’t feel any difference).

    22nd January 2010 at 3:28 pm

  15. t0m5k1 says:

    never had any nvidia driver issue’s since feisty & karmic is cool but lucid sounds far out!

    for IM i use finch in a transparent terminator window with no border’s etc + a funky font & it just melts into the desktop, wish i could get the same with skype too but alas not yet ๐Ÿ™

    next all we need is touchpad ability+pointer awareness & 2x 22″ touchscreen monitor’s then we can ditch the mouse and keep the cheese for ourselves ๐Ÿ˜‰

    22nd January 2010 at 11:42 am

  16. hashim says:

    what about sound drivers? i have problems with jaunty and karmic in my laptop >>asus k50ij>>.

    22nd January 2010 at 8:02 pm

  17. T6 says:

    Linux sound issues should be fixed. Read more: http://insanecoding.blogspot.com/2009/06/state-of-sound-in-linux-not-so-sorry.html

    22nd January 2010 at 8:47 am

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